Causality and ‘Free Will’

The process of perception received a causal explanation in the hands of the Buddha. For him, this was a problem of prime importance because he realized that all the misery and unhappiness in the world were due to the evils associated with sense perception. The Buddha realized that a proper understanding of the sensory process […]

Endo-Cannibalism in Malayo-Polynesian

In the early twentieth century the French sociologist Robert Hertz published an influential essay under the title of “A Contribution to the Study of the Collective Representation of Death.” Hertz’s primary interest was in the quite widespread Malayo-Polynesian practice of double burial, whereby corpses were not immediately taken to a final resting place but instead […]

Why do men woo and women choose?

According to neo-Darwinian synthesis, evolutionary success is defined largely in terms of fecundity, or reproductive success, not just survival. It is the replication of the gene that matters most, not the organism. If reproductive success through genetic replication is the ultimate goal of evolution, then resource acquisition can be seen as merely a means to […]

Weikza and sexual intercourse with fruits

As in the case of European alchemy, Burmese alchemy too includes techniques for the transmutation of base metals into gold. Of much greater importance in Burmese alchemy, however, are the goals of achieving magical power, especially of immortality. These powers are acquired by means of the alchemic stone whose absolute purification and refinement is the […]

And a message on the way

Some day I will come and bring a message. Into veins I will cast light, And call out, “O you whose baskets are full of dreams!”      I have brought you an apple, the red apple of the Sun.   I will come to offer the beggar a lilac flower. I will give the […]

Love, lovers, and non-lovers

Summarized from the book “Phaedrus” by Plato, translated by: B. Jowett Introduction The Phaedrus is closely connected with the Symposium, and may be regarded either as introducing or following it. The two Dialogues together contain the whole philosophy of Plato on the nature of love, which in the Republic and in the later writings of […]

Feminist Ethics & Feminist Ethicists

Introduction Feminist Ethics is an attempt to revise, reformulate, or rethink traditional ethics to the extent it depreciates or devalues women’s moral experience. Feminist philosopher Alison Jaggar faults traditional ethics for letting women down in five related ways. First, it shows less concern for women’s as opposed to men’s issues and interests. Second, traditional ethics views […]

Speeches in honor of Love

Summarized from the book “SYMPOSIUM” by Plato, translated by: B. Jowett Introduction It is claimed that in Symposium there are more than the author himself knew. The Symposium of Plato is a work of his character, and can with difficulty be rendered in any words but the writer’s own. There are so many half-lights and […]

Quotes from the book: “The Game”, by: Neil Strauss

If you keep doing what you have always done, you will keep getting what you have always gotten. Our social skills determine the course of our lives-our careers, our friends, our family, our children, our happiness- that’s a big area to neglect. This game is not an easy one. You will be forced to confront […]

Quotes from the book: “Tell to Win”, by: Peter Guber

A message everybody should take to heart: “Behind every success there is a good story lurking.”You never get a second chance to make a first impression. Heroes do not quit, so the only true failure is the failure to get up, and it proves to me that compelling heroes and purposeful stories lurk in every […]

Christianity and Medieval Philosophy, Summarized from the book: “History of Philosophy”, by: Julian Marias

CHRISTIANITY 1. Christianity and Philosophy Christianity marks the most profound division in the history of philosophy; it separates the two great phases of Western thought. However, it would be wrong to think of Christianity as a philosophy; it is something quite different—a religion.  Nor can one speak precisely of “Christian philosophy,” if the adjective “Christian” […]

Book Summary: A short history of Chinese philosophy, by: Fung, Yu-Lan

CHAPTER 1  THE SPIRIT OF CHINESE PHILOSOPHY The Chou dynasty (1122?-256 B.C.) is the golden age of Chinese philosophy. Philosophy is the systematic reflective thinking of life. Religion also has something to do with life. In the heart of every great religion is a philosophy. In fact every great religion is a philosophy with a certain amount […]